Support
Large Dams

National Water Harvesting and Storage Authority

Hifadhi Maji, Boresha Maisha

Bosto Dam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Government of Kenya through NWCPC has prioritized development of the Bosto Dam Water Supply Project in Bomet County. This is one of the main Vision 2013 flagship projects that aim to provide potable water to all in line with constitutional provisions and the right to water and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

The proposed dam will be 45m high zoned rockfill dam with an impermeable clay core. The capacity of the reservoir will be 29.5Million cubic meters. Treatment works will have capacity of 80,000m3/day with appropriate water system network and storage facilities to serve an initial population of 550,000 with a coverage area of 1050KM 2.

Read more: Bosto Dam

Medium size dams in ASAL Areas

No.

Project Name

Sub County

County

WSB

1.

Ciambugu Dam

Mbeere South

Embu

Tana

2.

Lenguruma Pan

Isiolo

Isiolo

Northern

3.

Ulilinzi dam

Kibwezi

Makueni

Tanathi

4.

Kamokogwo Pan

Pokot Central

West Pokot

Rift Valley

5.

Kamogiboi Pan

Chepalungu West

Bomet

Lake Victoria South

6.

Upeponi Dam

Mukaa

Makueni

Tanathi

7.

Kibori Pan

Sotik

Bomet

LVS

8.

Kisharu Pan

Kajiado West

Kajiado

Tanathi

6.

Kaunange

Mutitu

Kitui

Tanathi

7.

Syokimau

Mutitu

Kitui

Tanathi

8.

Kiuru Pan

Imenti North

Meru

Tana

9.

Manchege Pan

Tharaka North

Tharaka Nithi

Tana

10.

Machineben Pan

Tarbaj

Wajir

Northern

11.

Mpatpat Pan

Samburu North

Samburu

Northern

12.

Sasurwa Dam

Rongai-Koibatek

Baringo

Rift Valley

Isiolo Dam

ISIOLO PROJECT BRIEF

THE LOCATION AND OBJECTIVE OF THE DAM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The proposed dam is located at Crocodile Jaws site approximately 18km from Oldonyiro shopping centre and on the border of Isiolo and Laikipia counties. The proposed dam is intended to regulate the flows of the Ewaso Nyiro River, supply water to Isiolo town, the proposed Isiolo resort city and rural areas of Isiolo, Laikipia and Samburu counties. The project will also generate 16MW of hydropower.

The project will serve a population of about 220,726 people in the initial year 2020, 343,560 people in the future year 2030 and 564,819 in the ultimate year 2040. The projected water demand is 7,894m3/day for the initial year 2020, 18,957m3/day in the future year 2030 and 60,000m3/day in the ultimate year 2040.

PROJECT PARTICULARS

The table below shows the project particulars of the proposed dam:

S/no

Detail Description

Explanation

1

Inundated/Flood area (Ha)

2,083

2

Dam height (m)

83

3

Storage volume (m3*106)

214.3

4

Catchment area (km2)

8,583

5

Fetch/throw back (km)

14.3

6

Crest length (m)

1,075

7

Water treatment plant

60,000m3/day

8

Diameter of raw water transmission line

1,000mm

9

Length of raw water main

500m

10

Treated water mains

800mm-400mm

11

Storage tanks

15,000m3, 4,000m3 and 2,500m3

13

Hydropower potential (MW)

16

 

PROGRESS OF THE PROJECT

-Design of the project is complete

-Pre-qualification for finance and build contractors has been done

-Consultation of stakeholders on going

-The process to seek NEMAs approval and licence has begun

Nyahururu Dam

NYAHURURU DAM

Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam is located in Nyandarua County on Pesi River and about 1.5km upstream of the confluence of Pesi and Gathanji Rivers. It is located 37km to the south-west of Nyahururu Town. The name of the dam as originally proposed in the National Water Master Plan of 1992 and as indicated in Kenya Government vision 2030 development plan is Nyahururu Dam. The dam was proposed to supply water to Nyahururu Town and its environs.

The original Nyahururu Dam site was proposed about 4km to the west of Nyahururu Town and in Laikipa County. On assessment of the suitability of the site for development of a large dam to supply Nyahururu Town with water in year 2015.

 

The site was found not to be suitable due to environmental changes that have taken place since 1992. These changes include high level of water pollution due to human settlement in the dam catchment area that include establishment of housing estates like Kia Maina settlement and Coresite estates, cultivated catchment that require rehabilitation and permanent structures that would be affected that include a section of Nyahururu -Nakuru Road.

Besides environmental changes, the proposed original dam site would require water to be pumped to the water supply area: The top water level in the proposed dam is at contour 2400masl while the existing storage tank for supply of water to Nyahururu and its environs is at contour 2400masl which means that the dam could not supply water by gravity.

 

Pumping of water could raise maintenance and operations cost of the water system to unsustainable level like the existing water system that is currently serving Nyahururu Town. Therefore, an alternative dam site was explored and found on Pesi River hence the name Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam.

The primary objective of Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam Water Supply Project is to provide reliable and sustainable domestic water supply to Nyahururu Town and environs, Ol Kalou Town and environs and other needy areas that can be supplied with water by gravity from the dam.

 The secondary objective of Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam Water Supply Project is to provide water for irrigation, hydropower generation and scenery for tourism and sporting activities.

Proposed dam capacity

The proposed Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam will be 60m high and will impound a total of 16,000,000m3 of water.  Dam capacity required to meet the projected water demand is 11,300,000m3. The dam crest will be 380m long. The bottom water outlet after water treatment will be at contour 2460masl which will be high enough to command gravity flow to most of the supply target areas.

(ii)            Type of Dam and Construction Materials

The proposed dam will be an earth-fill dam. The soils at the dam site and in the vicinity of the dam are red soils that have high cohesion values with low permeability. The soils are non-dispersive. The soils are good for dam construction.

Other construction materials like ballast can be obtained by crushing hard-stone which is readily available within reasonable haulage distance from the dam site.

(iii)          Benefits to persons in the vicinity of the proposed dam

Besides getting employment during construction of the project, the water supply that is currently serving the people and which does not cover 25% of the target area will be expanded to serve all the people around the dam area.

 

 

Areas to be served with water

The proposed Pesi (Nyahururu) Dam will supply water to areas of Nyandarua and Laikipia Counties. The areas to be served in Laikipia County include Nyahururu, Marmanet and Wiyumiririe Towns and their environs. The areas of Nyandarua County that will be served with water include Ndaragwa, Gwa Kung'u, Mairo-Inya, Ol Joro Orok, Kasuku, Part of Rurii and Ol Kalou Towns and environs that include several sub-locations/locations.

Populations and water demands

The populations and total water demands are estimated as follows:

Trunk Line

Areas Served

Present Year 2015

Initial Year 2019

Future Year 2029

Ultimate Year 2039

Pop.

WD m3/d

Pop.

WD m3/d

Pop.

WD m3/d

Pop.

WD m3/d

Nyahururu-Ol Kalou (Manguo- Nyahururu & Manguo-Ol Kalou Branch lines)

Nyahururu, Marmanet, Gatimu,

70,064

9,758

81,965

11,416

121,328

16,898

179,595

25,013

Ol Joro Orok, Ol Kalou

117,557

13,173

134,173

15,119

187,009

21,273

261,413

30,082

Wiyumiririe Line

Wiyumiririe & Environs

 

2,000

 

2,000

 

2,500

 

3,000

Ndaragwa Line

Kahutha Location

23,909

2,174

27,971

2,543

41,403

3,764

61,287

5,572

Kiriita Line

Leshau, Kiriita, Mathingira Locations

49,632

4,512

58,063

5,278

85,947

7,813

127,222

11,566

TOTALS

 

261,162

31,617

302,172

36,356

435,687

52,248

629,517

75,233

 

Small Dams & Pans

From the year 2005/2006, when NWCPC was given its new mandate of being the construction arm of the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, the Corporation has been constructing small dams/pans in mainly in the ASAL areas across the country.  This has helped in increasing the country’s water storage and also has provided water for both domestic and livestock use.

Since the year 2005/2006 to date, NWCPC has constructed/rehabilitated over 1,019 small dams/ pans across the country mainly in the Arid and Semi Arid Areas.  This has increased the countries water storage by approximately 18.5 Million cubic metres of water serving about 1 million people and over 2 million domestic animals.  These projects have had a major positive impact to livelihoods of communities in areas affected by perennial droughts

Among the small and medium dams constructed are:
Ilengeni Dam, Kalundu Dam, Matinga Dam, Ndumbuni Dam, Chamawa Pan, Muserech Pan.

The Authoritys target for construction/rehabilitation of medium sized dams/pans in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands in Kenya was 11No. Dams. The Corporation has already achieved a target of 8No. Dams. Construction/rehabilitation of 7No. 

 

Moses Gitonga Ntiritu Works