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National Values & Principles of Governance

National Values & Principles of Governance

National values are the beliefs of a nation guiding the attitudes, actions and behavior of its citizens while Principles of Governance are the normative standards that oblige the state to perform its functions in a manner that promotes the general well-being of the people.


National values and principles of governance are of key strategic importance in the Republic of Kenya. This is buttressed by the fact that they are now enshrined in the constitution of Kenya which is the supreme law of the land.


The key goal underpinning the promotion of the national values and principles of governance among Kenyan individuals, families, communities and the nation  is achievement of the necessary social, economic and political transformation.
NWHSA upholds the principles of National values and governance. There is a committee in place which is chaired by the Acting Chief Legal Officer CS. Doris Mwangi that ensures implementation of the government guidelines and directives on the same.

The key constitutional provisions addressing national values and principles are:

  • The Preamble

The Preamble of the Constitution of Kenya 2010, recognizes the aspirations of all Kenyans for a government based on the essential values of human rights, equality, freedom, democracy, social justice and the rule of law.

  • Article 4(2)

This article stipulates that the Republic of Kenya shall be a multi-party democratic State founded on the national values and principles of governance referred to in Article 10.

  • Article 10(1)

National Values and Principles of Governance bind all state organs, state officers, public officers and all persons whenever any of them:
(a)    applies or interprets the Constitution;
(b)    enacts, applies or interprets any law; or
(c)    makes or implements public policy decisions.

  • Article 10(2)

The National Values and Principles of Governance are enshrined within the Constitution under this Article. The national values and principles of governance include—
(a)    patriotism, national unity, sharing and devolution of power, the rule of law, democracy and participation of the people;
(b)    human dignity, equity, social justice, inclusiveness, equality, human rights, non-discrimination and protection of the marginalized;
(c)    good governance, integrity, transparency and accountability; and
(d)    Sustainable development.

  • Article 132(1)(c)

The Constitution provides that the President shall once every year, report in an address to the nation, on all the measures taken and the progress achieved in the realization of the national values, referred to in Article 10.
The President is further required to publish in the Kenya Gazette the details of the report.

  • The Sessional Paper No. 8 of 2013

The Sessional Paper No. 8 of 2013 on National Values and Principles of Governance identifies the formation of National Cohesion and Values Committees to facilitate mainstreaming of national values and principles of governance.
The Authority has established the Focal Point Persons for Implementation of National Values Committee in compliance with the Constitution of Kenya 2010 and Sessional Paper No. 8 of 2013.
The committees play an important role in the preparation of the annual President’s report on the measures taken and progress achieved in the realization of national values.
The key roles of the Committee are to undertake the promotion, reporting, monitoring and evaluation of the Authority’s performance and compliance with the national values and principles of governance.


These roles are unpacked as follows:
i)   Promotion
The role entails:
a)    Coordination of training and sensitization
The Committee is required to:
•    Mobilize staff for sensitization/training;
•    Identify a training venue and make other logistical arrangements for the sensitization/training; and
•    Mobilize facilitators.
b)    Creation of awareness among staff members on performance contract targets on national cohesion and national values
The Committee is required to:
•    Sensitize staff members on the commitments and the national values
•    Identify commitments relevant to their mandate
•    Allocate targets for departments to track
c)    Participation in national cohesion and values forums


The Committee is required to:
•    Represent the Authority in forums where information on national cohesion and national values & principles of governance mainstreaming is shared.
•    Participate in the validation of Annual President’s report on the measures taken and progress realized in the promotion of national values and principles of governance.


ii.    Reporting
The Committee is required to:
•    Receive reports from departments
•    Coordinate compilation of Authority’s report
•    Validate the Authority’s report
•    Forward to the Accounting Officer/CEO for signature and submission to the    Directorate of National Cohesion and Values
The Committee should ensure:
•    Strict adherence to the reporting tool.
•    Timely submission of the report.

iii.    Monitoring
The role entails tracking the status of the respective initiatives as guided by the performance contract targets on national cohesion and national values.
The Committee is required to:
•    Monitor the progress of contracted performance targets.
•    Continuously appraise top management on the status of contracted targets.
•    Continuously document the Authority’s performance.


iv.    Evaluation
The Committee to:
•    Assess the implementation of the targets as captured in the Authority’s programmes and activities performance contract.
•    Participate in the validation of the Annual President’s Report on measures taken and progress achieved in the realization of the national values and principles of governance.
It is noteworthy, that these roles and activities are of a continuous nature and the Committee is fully committed in ensuring that the Authority complies with the national cohesion and national values in line with the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 and the Presidential directives.

Written by CS. Doris Mwangi
Chairperson Focal Point Persons for Implementation of National Values Committee
1st March, 2021